Diabetes and Foot Health: What You Need to Know

Foot health is particularly important for people with diabetes. High blood sugar levels can damage the nerves and blood vessels in the feet, leading to a range of foot problems. Here’s what you need to know about diabetes and foot health:

  • Foot Care: Good foot care is essential for people with diabetes. This includes washing feet daily, drying feet thoroughly, and applying lotion to prevent dry skin. It is important to inspect the feet daily for any cuts, blisters, or sores, as these can lead to serious infections if left untreated.
  • Footwear: Wearing properly fitting shoes with good support is important to prevent foot injuries. People with diabetes should avoid wearing high heels, tight-fitting shoes, and shoes with pointed toes. It is also recommended to wear socks made of breathable material to prevent excess moisture.
  • Foot Exams: People with diabetes should have their feet examined at least once a year by a healthcare provider to check for any nerve damage, poor circulation, or foot problems.
  • Blood Sugar Control: Maintaining good blood sugar control can help prevent nerve damage and circulation problems that can lead to foot problems.
  • Diabetes Management: Managing diabetes through medication, healthy eating, and regular physical activity can also help prevent foot problems. This includes managing high blood pressure and cholesterol levels, as these can contribute to poor circulation.
  • Proper Wound Care: If a cut, blister, or sore does occur, it is important to properly clean and dress the wound to prevent infection. Seek medical attention if the wound does not heal within a few days or if there are signs of infection.

In conclusion, people with diabetes are at increased risk of foot problems due to nerve damage and poor circulation. By maintaining good foot care, wearing proper footwear, having regular foot exams, controlling blood sugar levels, and managing diabetes through healthy lifestyle choices, people with diabetes can prevent or delay foot problems and maintain good overall health.

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