Diabetes and Oral Health: What You Need to Know

Diabetes can have an impact on oral health, and maintaining good oral hygiene is important for people with diabetes to prevent dental problems. People with diabetes are at a higher risk of developing gum disease, also known as periodontitis, which can lead to tooth loss.

When blood sugar levels are not controlled, it can cause high glucose levels in saliva, which can lead to the growth of harmful bacteria in the mouth. This bacteria can form plaque, which can lead to gingivitis, an early stage of gum disease, characterized by red, swollen, and bleeding gums. If left untreated, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis, where the gums pull away from the teeth, and the bone that supports the teeth can break down. In severe cases, tooth loss can occur.

To prevent oral health problems associated with diabetes, it is important to maintain good oral hygiene by brushing teeth twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste, flossing daily, and visiting the dentist regularly for check-ups and cleanings. People with diabetes should also maintain their blood sugar levels within the recommended range and should inform their dentist that they have diabetes.

If a person with diabetes notices any signs of gum disease, such as bleeding gums, loose teeth, or persistent bad breath, they should contact their dentist right away. The dentist may recommend more frequent dental cleanings, gum treatment, or antibiotics to treat the infection.

In conclusion, good oral hygiene is important for people with diabetes to prevent dental problems. By maintaining good blood sugar control, practicing good oral hygiene, and visiting the dentist regularly, people with diabetes can reduce their risk of developing gum disease and maintain good oral health.

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